Bell bottoms, big tires – F1 in the early 1970s

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As a child of the Seventies, I’m still fascinated by F1 cars of the early part of the decade. Cars like the 1973 McLaren M23 (above and below), decked out in Yardley’s classic livery or Chesterfield branding (in red, below).

Elf brought French blue to the 1970 March 701 (third below), which Tyrrell raced briefly while the team set out to build its first car (in secret!). Like a lot of you, I first heard Jackie Stewart’s voice on ABC’s broadcast of the Indy 500. My respect for Jackie led to an abiding love for Tyrrell and his non-corporate approach to F1.

The 1970 Ferrari 312 (bottom) was fast, with three wins in the hands of Jacky Ickx, but it couldn’t take the title from Lotus. All of these cars were designed at the dawn of the “aero” era, and they don’t look as if they were designed by a computer based on wind tunnel metrics. Think of bell bottoms, Ray Bans, fat rear tires, and wide-open racing. And the drivers: three-time world champion Stewart, six-time Le Mans winner Ickx, and the dashing, doomed Revson.

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Tyrell 007 as driven by Jody Scheckter:

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Can-Am: When dinosaurs ruled the earth…

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Can-Am.

Two words that evoke a golden age of unrestrained power and speed.   Quite possibly the high water mark of sports car racing in North America, a series that reached its peak from 1967 to 1972, before imploding under its own weight and spiraling costs.

In its heyday, Can-Am cars were the Tyrannosaurus Rex of the racing world: the biggest, baddest top level predators on earth.  No restrictions on engine displacement, no chassis rules, and none of the silly spec racing that plagues the world today.  Fat rear tires and outrageous aerodynamics.  McLaren, Lola, Chaparral, and Porsche battling for honors at legendary circuits like Mosport, Laguna Seca, Elkhart Lake and Watkins Glen.  All of the best drivers: McLaren, Surtees, Hill, Hulme, Gurney, Follmer, Fittipaldi, Stewart, and more. Make no mistake: these cars were beasts, difficult to handle even in the hands of the world’s best.

The series began as an opportunity to race under FIA Group 7 rules, an “open” formula for sports cars that did not require homologation.  The money was good in North America, and many F1 stars flew from Europe to the United States between grand prix commitments. The first season was just six races, and F1 world champion John Surtees won the title in a Lola T-70.  The races weren’t endurance contests, as Group 7 rules were not designed for long-distance racing.

In that first season, Lola ruled the roost with its revered T70.  And it was a great choice, winning the first championship before McLaren came along with the revolutionary M6; i.e.,  the car that changed everything.

Stuffed with powerful Chevrolet engines (like the 1968 M6B, above), McLaren dominated the series for four years, until founder Bruce McLaren died in 1970.  In 1972 Porsche – with the 917 excluded from Le Mans – waged an assault on Can-Am led by Roger Penske and his 917 open-top coupe.  Mark Donohue won the championship in Penske’s distinctive blue and gold Porsche.

Shadow appeared in 1971, winning the title in 1974 with the distinctive DN4.  But the end was near; an oil crisis, lopsided competition, and rising costs doomed Can-Am version 1.0.  Shadow’s title ended the first era, although the series survived officially until 1987.  The legend lives on today, in historic races like the Sonoma Historic Motorsports Festival, where all of these cars are raced with vigor.  They serve as a reminder of a lost era in sports car racing.

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Lola won the first Can-Am championship in 1966, with 1964 F1 champion John Surtees at the wheel of a T-70 Mk II. Compare the modest designs of the T-70 with the bigger and bolder M6B (above) that appeared just two years later.

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The McLaren M6B was Bruce Laren’s first all-monocoque sports car.

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Lola soldiered on, despite McLaren’s runaway success after 1967.  The best result for the 1969 T-163 (below) was a second place at Riverside.  It finished third in the championship to McLaren.

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Close-up of the 1967 Lola T-70:

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For 1968, McLaren moved on from the M6 and began working on the M8. The example below is a 1969 M8C.

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Lola T-160, raced by Sam Posey, Swede Savage and Dan Gurney in 1968 (from the 2013 CSRG Season Opener).

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Spencer Trenery won the Can-Am group at the 2014 Sonoma Historics in a 1970 McLaren M8C.  This is a customer car that was built to race overseas.  By 1970, McLaren was farming out the lucrative customer market to another manufacturer, Trojan.

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More unique machinery populated the grid; witness, the “Sting”, below.  Built in Southern California, the Sting used a Porsche 917 body with McLaren suspension.  It only raced a few times before the money ran dry.

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1972 McLaren M8F (below) was a customer car built by Trojan (this chassis was sold to Commander, a mobile home company that briefly went racing). Peter Revson won the 1972 title in a factory M8F.  By this point, the series had tamped down on some of the more lurid aerodynamic devices that Jim Hall and others had devised.

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Shadow began to challenge the bigger teams in 1972, and it dominated the series in 1974.  The 1972 DN2 (below) succeeded the innovative Mk II.  The Mk II, Don Nichols said, “was designed to be two-dimensional – it had length and width, but not height.”

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Orange is the new black

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A few years ago, McLaren tested an orange F1 car, a reminder of the great days when Bruce McLaren owned the team and orange cars dominated F1 and Can-Am.  The retro livery was enormously popular but has never returned.  Today, McLaren is far better known for its silver-foil wrapped car, but orange has its fans.  Especially when it’s a striking 1970 McLaren M14.

Orange, they say, is the new black.  Perhaps it’s the bright burst of color that draws the eye towards an orange car, or maybe it’s just the sheer boldness of an orange race car.  Whatever it is, there’s never enough of it.

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